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Barbara J. Knowlton

In: Handbook of Cognition

Chapter 16: Cognitive Neuropsychology of Learning and Memory

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Cognitive Neuropsychology of Learning and Memory
Cognitive neuropsychology of learning and memory
Barbara J.Knowlton

The study of learning and memory is an area of high convergence between neuroscience and cognitive science. How the brain acquires, stores and later retrieves information are among the most fundamental questions in neuroscience. Learning is ubiquitous in the animal kingdom, and we have gained a great deal of knowledge about brain learning mechanisms through the study of animal models (see Squire, 1992, for a review). These studies have provided information about the neural substrates of learning and memory, and it appears that the circuitry devoted to learning and memory in monkeys, rats and mice is quite similar to that found in the human brain. The extensive study of human learning and memory ...

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