Previous Chapter Chapter 40: Housing

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The twenty-first century has realised the urbanization of fifty percent of the world's population, of whom almost half live in so-called ‘informal settlements’. This substantial proportion of the world's population is essentially ‘homeless’, being marginalized from formal economic systems and excluded from the fundamental transactions that enable an everyday life of a standard that might be expected in a modern, globalizing world. Seldom capable of breaking from their socio-economic situation, they build on land that is occupied illegally and use found materials for their dwellings. They have little choice. Many have migrated to the city looking for opportunities for work.

Figure 40.1 (Below) San Miguel de la Vega, Caracas, Venezuela (1998–2001). View from upgraded neighbourhood to Caracas. (Mateo and Matias Pinto D'Lacoste)

Such informal settlements ...

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