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An open city, by the law of land warfare, is a city that cannot be defended or attacked.
US Army Field Manual FM 3–06.11, Combined Arms Operations In Urban Terrain
Evolving theories of defence and securitization have underwritten the territorializations and deterritorializations of the city, shaping transformations of metropolis, megalopolis and metacity explored in this section (see Chapter 36). In the post-9/11 era, the distributed architectures of the twenty-first century metacity are being mediated by new infrastructures that enable overt and covert systems of discipline, control, regulation and resistance. This essay tracks such networked assemblages as they intersect in the hybrid spaces of the commons, spectacle, camp, museum, checkpoint and watchtower – ...