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Andrew Prestwich, Mark Conner & Rebecca J. Lawton

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 29: Implementation Intentions: Can They Be Used to Prevent and Treat Addiction?

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Implementation Intentions: Can They Be Used to Prevent and Treat Addiction?
Implementation intentions: Can they be used to prevent and treat addiction?

Abstract: Forming an implementation intention involves an individual planning when, where, and how to perform a specific behavior. Evidence relevant to the mechanisms of this intervention and its application to addiction and other health behaviors is reviewed. Implementation intentions have rarely been applied to addiction but, it is argued, they could be employed to successfully link critical environmental cues to nonaddictive behavior or techniques to refuse the addictive substance. Furthermore, it is proposed that they could inhibit addiction-related cognitions, maintain self-regulatory resources, promote adherence to treatments, or deal effectively with internal factors, such as stress, which increase the risk of addictive behavior. The chapter ...

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