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Marvin D. Krank & Abby L. Goldstein

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 28: Adolescent Changes in Implicit Cognitions and Prevention of Substance Abuse

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Adolescent Changes in Implicit Cognitions and Prevention of Substance Abuse
Adolescent changes in implicit cognitions and prevention of substance abuse

Abstract: This chapter explores the growth of implicit substance-use associations during early adolescence and their implications for the development of primary and secondary prevention programs. Increases in implicit measures of substance-use cognitions are highly correlated with, and prospectively predict, the initiation of youth alcohol and marijuana use. We propose that implicit memory measures may uniquely reveal decision-relevant indices of incentive motivation and behavioral choice. As such, implicit measures should be useful to (1) identify and target the stage of risk for substance-use initiation, (2) provide early sensitive measures of effective change from prevention programs, and (3) guide the development of new methods of persuasive messages that ...

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