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Cheryl D. Birch, Sherry H. Stewart & Martin Zack

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 18: Emotion and Motive Effects on Drug-Related Cognition

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Emotion and Motive Effects on Drug-Related Cognition
Emotion and motive effects on drug-related cognition

Abstract: This chapter reviews theories and evidence on the possible main effect of emotions in triggering explicit and implicit drug cognitions. The findings are highly variable, suggesting that a state x trait approach, taking moderators like drug-use motives into account, might better explain the link between emotions and drug cognitions. Accordingly, subsequent research is reviewed showing that drinking motives, specifically, moderate emotion-alcohol cognition relations. Whereas positive emotions trigger both explicit and implicit alcohol cognitions in enhancement-motivated drinkers, negative emotions primarily trigger explicit cognitions in coping-motivated drinkers. Further research on emotion-alcohol cognition relations is called for to explain the disparate moderating effects of enhancement versus coping motives. Incorporating drug-use motives into cognitive interventions ...

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