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W. Miles Cox, Javad S. Fadardi & Eric Klinger

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 17: Motivational Processes Underlying Implicit Cognition in Addiction

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Motivational Processes Underlying Implicit Cognition in Addiction
Motivational processes underlying implicit cognition in addiction

Abstract: The motivational theory of current concerns accounts for attentional focus on stimuli related to a person's goal pursuits. When people actively pursue a goal of using addictive substances in order to regulate their affective states, they have a current concern for procuring and using the substance. A current concern is a latent, time-binding, goal-lurking motivational state that sensitizes the person's attentional and other cognitive processes related to the goal of using the substance. Such hypersensitivity to substance-related stimuli both implicitly and explicitly influences a substance abuser's decision-making processes. Attentional bias for substance-related stimuli is one of the implicit processes that make addictive behaviors hard to control. The chapter discusses motivational and ...

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