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John J. Curtin, Danielle E. McCarthy, Megan E. Piper & Timothy B. Baker

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 16: Implicit and Explicit Drug Motivational Processes: A Model of Boundary Conditions

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Implicit and Explicit Drug Motivational Processes: A Model of Boundary Conditions
Implicit and explicit drug motivational processes: A model of boundary conditions

Abstract: The model proposed in this paper is an attempt to suggest mechanisms and structures that are involved in both implicit and explicit processing of drug motivational information, and to propose when and how these mechanisms are recruited. To support this model, we first review research on negative and positive reinforcement mechanisms that establish the potent but often-implicit drug-use motivation in drug-dependent users. Next, we integrate basic cognitive neuroscience research on the cognitive control of behavior to understand how boundary conditions are imposed on these implicit motivational processes via the recruitment of attention (i.e., what constrains their occurrence and influence). Finally, model implications are ...

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