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Ingmar H. A. Franken, Corien Zijlstra, Jan Booij & Wim van den Brink

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 13: Imaging the Addicted Brain: Reward, Craving, and Cognitive Processes

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Imaging the Addicted Brain: Reward, Craving, and Cognitive Processes
Imaging the addicted brain: Reward, craving, and cognitive processes

Abstract: Functional imaging techniques like functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) make it possible to study the underlying neural substrates of addiction-related phenomena such as the cognitive processing of drug-related stimuli and craving. PET can be also used to image neurotransmitter systems that are involved in addiction. In the present chapter, we will provide a review of studies using neuroimaging techniques to study the neurobiological and pharmacological correlates of addiction-related cognitive processes, including reward and craving processes. From these studies, there are indications that the amygdala and hippocampus are involved in drug-related memories, the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is associated with drug-related attentional functions, ...

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