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Gillian Bruce & Barry T. Jones

In: Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Chapter 10: Methods, Measures, and Findings of Attentional Bias in Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence

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Methods, Measures, and Findings of Attentional Bias in Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence
Methods, measures, and findings of attentional bias in substance use, abuse, and dependence

Abstract: The selective processing (attentional bias) of concern-related stimuli is thought to retard concern resolution. This chapter focuses on alcohol-related concerns and reviews the methods used to explore attentional bias in this area. Research with the Stroop paradigm is reviewed first and then research with a wide range of other paradigms. Strong evidence consistent with a differential alcohol-related attentional bias between excessive and social drinkers is reviewed. Emerging evidence consistent with a corresponding effect between heavier and lighter social drinkers is also reviewed and the possibility that there might be a continuity of attentional bias along the consumption continuum is ...

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