The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society


Edited by: Timothy L. Nyerges, Helen Couclelis & Robert McMaster

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  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Part I: Introduction

    Part II: GIS and Society Research

    Part III: Conclusion

  • Copyright

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    List of Contributors

    Ryan M. Acton is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His research interests include GIS, social network analysis, collection and sampling strategies for web-based data, information diffusion, technology, and disasters. In addition to his published work, Acton is the author of a special-purpose software package for web-based data collection. Ryan received his PhD in Sociology from the University of California, Irvine in 2010.

    Marc P. Armstrong is Professor and CLAS Collegiate Fellow in the Department of Geography at the University of Iowa. His PhD is from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Armstrong has served at the North American Editor of the International Journal of Geographical Information Science and is the author of more than 100 scholarly publications. His research interests include spatial analysis, spatial decision support systems, high performance computing and geographic visualization methods.

    Dimitris Ballas is Senior Lecturer in GIS, in the Department of Geography at the University of Sheffield. His current research interests include economic geography, social and spatial inequalities, social justice, exploring geographies of happiness and socio-economic applications of geographical information systems (GIS). He is the lead author of the book Geography Matters: Simulating the Impacts of National Social Policies and co-author of the books Post-Suburban Europe: Planning and Politics at the Margins of Europe's Capital Cities and Poverty, Wealth and Place in Britain, 1968 to 2005. He has over a dozen papers in peer-reviewed international academic journals, eight peer-reviewed edited book chapters and over 50 conference papers.

    Nathaniel Bell is Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Department of Surgery at the University of British Columbia. He obtained his PhD from Simon Fraser University in 2009 under the mentorship of Dr Nadine Schuurman. He holds a joint appointment with the Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation and the Section of Trauma Services at Vancouver General Hospital. His research focuses on the social and systems determinants of functional outcomes and health related quality of life following critical illness and injury. GIS/GIScience tools and principles, in conjunction with the use of linked health and administrative databases, form core components of his research.

    Carter T. Butts is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. He obtained his PhD from Carnegie Mellon University, and his BS from Duke University. His research involves the application of mathematical and computational techniques to theoretical and methodological problems within the areas of social network analysis, mathematical sociology, quantitative methodology and human judgement and decision making. Currently, his work focuses on the structure of spatially embedded large-scale interpersonal networks; models for informant accuracy, network inference, and graph comparison; representation and modeling of intertemporal relational data; and models for human behaviour in disrupted settings.

    Gilberto Camara is General Manager of the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research – INPE, appointed by the Brazilian president for the period 2006–2010. He is responsible for the administration of INPE's research and development groups in space science, space engineering, earth observation and weather and climate studies. Previously, he was head of INPE's Image Processing Division from 1991 to 1996 and director for Earth Observation from 2001 to 2005. His research interests include geographical information science and engineering, spatial databases, spatial analysis and environmental modeling. He has published more than 120 full papers in refereed journals and scientific conferences.

    Helen Couclelis is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She began her career as a planner in Greece and has held visiting appointments at the University of Waterloo and Princeton University. She is co-editor of the journal Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design and has served as associate director of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA) and on the executive committee of the Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science (CSISS). Her research interests are in the areas of geographic information science, urban and regional modeling and planning, and the geography of the information society.

    Dr. Susan L. Cutter is a Carolina Distinguished Professor at the University of South Carolina. She directs the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute, has authored or edited twelve books and more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. She serves numerous advisory boards and committees including the National Research Council, the AAAS, the National Science Foundation, the Natural Hazards Center, the H. John Heinz III Center, and the US Army Corps of Engineers IPET team. She also serves as co-editor of Environment and is associate editor of Weather, Climate, and Society. She is a past President of the Association of American Geographers, and of the Consortium of Social Science Associations.

    Clodoveu Augusto Davis, Jr is Professor and Researcher at the Federal University of Minas Gerais. He received his BS degree in Civil Engineering from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil. He obtained MSc and PhD degrees in Computer Science, also from UFMG. He led the team that conducted the implementation of GIS technology in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and coordinated several geographic application development efforts. His main research interests include geographic databases, urban GIS, spatial data infrastructures and multiple representations in GIS.

    Danny Dorling is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Sheffield. His recent books include, Dorling et al. (2007) Poverty, Wealth and Place in Britain, 1968 to 2005 and Thomas and Dorling (2007) Identity in Britain: A Cradle-to-Grave Atlas, Shaw et al. (2008), The Grim Reaper's Road Map: An Atlas of Mortality in Britain, Dorling et al. (2008), The Atlas of the Real World: Mapping the Way We Live and Dorling (2010) Injustice: Why Social Inequalities Persist?

    Sarah Elwood is Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Washington. Her research interests intersect critical GIS and urban and political geography. She studies the social and political impacts of spatial technologies such as GIS and the changing practices and politics of local activism, community organizing and other modes of civic engagement.

    Dr. Christopher T. Emrich is a Research Assistant Professor at the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute within the University of South Carolina's Department of Geography. His research interests include the application of geospatial web-based technologies to emergency management planning and practice, long term recovery from disaster, and the intersection of social vulnerability and community resilience in the face of disaster. Dr. Emrich has been a strong advocate of the transition of knowledge from academia and research to real-world application and has been a key player in the development of theory, data, metrics, methods, applications, and spatial analytical models for understanding the newly emergent field of hazard vulnerability science.

    Frederico T. Fonseca received his PhD in Spatial Information Science and Engineering from the University of Maine. He joined Penn State where he is an Associate Professor of the College of Information Sciences and Technology. His work on three areas of research, Geographic Information Science, Information Science and Information Systems, led to 18 journal papers, research grants from NSF and other agencies, and successful MA and PhD students. He received the 2006 Researcher Award from the University Consortium of Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) for his foundational work on ontologies in GIS.

    Rina Ghose is Associate Professor in Geography at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Her research interests intersect critical GIS, race and poverty studies, political economy and urban geography. She has conducted decade-long research on public participation GIS to examine the process of social activism and community organizing to combat inner-city poverty, and the use of GIS technologies as modes of resistance to inequities. Her current research projects include examining the impact of neoliberal policies in shaping PPGIS process and exploring the social construction of GIS in the non-western world.

    Michael F. Goodchild is Professor of Geography and Director of the Center for Spatial Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research publications, including more than 400 scientific papers and a dozen authored and edited books, have laid a foundation for geographic information science and spatial analysis, extended the development of geo-libraries, contributed to understanding uncertainty in geographic data and advanced capabilities in location-allocation modeling. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a Foreign Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

    Francis Harvey is Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota. His research interests include semantic interoperability, spatial data infrastructures, geographic information sharing, and GIS and societal issues. He serves on the editorial board of the International Journal for Geographical Information System, Cartographica, GeoJournal, Europa Regional and the URISA Journal. He published A GIS Primer with Guilford Press in 2008.

    Donald G. Janelle is Research Professor at the University of California Santa Barbara. His primary research areas focus on temporal patterns of spatial behaviour in cities and on the social implications of transportation, telecommunication and information technologies in the development of urban-regional spatial systems. Recently edited books include Information, Place, and Cyberspace: Issues in Accessibility (Springer-Verlag, 2000, with David Hodge), Spatially Integrated Social Science (Oxford University Press, 2004, with Michael Goodchild) and WorldMinds: Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004, with Barney Warf and Kathy Hansen).

    Piotr Jankowski is Professor in the Department of Geography and co-director of the Center for Earth System Analysis Research at San Diego State University. His previous faculty appointments were at the University of Idaho and Westfaelische Wilhelms Universitaet. His research focuses on spatial decision support systems, participatory geographic information systems, spatial optimization and visual analytics. He has published extensively in leading geography and GIScience journals and has been the PI and Co-PI on a number of research projects funded by NSF, NASA and various state agencies. He co-authored with Timothy L. Nyerges two books on participatory GIScience and spatial decision support.

    Marinos Kavouras has served as Dean of the NTUA School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Director of Cartography Laboratory, Director of the Geoinformatics Graduate Programme, Vice President of the Hellenic Cadastral Agency, chair of ISPRS Working Group II/6 – System Integration and Interoperability and Adjunct Researcher of the Institute for the Management of Information Systems (IMIS-ATHENA). He did his PEng, Dipl. Ing. from NTUA Athens, Greece, and MScE and PhD from UNB Canada. He has formed OntoGEO, a group conducting Ontological Research in GIScience, including knowledge engineering and theoretical cartography. He has co-authored one book and over 120 publications in scientific journals and conference proceedings.

    Richard Kingston is Lecturer in spatial planning and GIS at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. Over the past 15 years, he has been undertaking research investigating the use of ICT in spatial planning. This has focused more specifically on the development, testing and implementation of PPGIS methods to enhance the more traditional participatory processes within planning. His research has been funded by the ESRC, EPSRC the EU and the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. He is member of The Royal Town Planning Institute, The Town and Country Planning Association and the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association.

    Margarita Kokla did her PEng, Dipl. Ing., MScE and PhD from the School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, National Technical University of Athens (NTUA). She has received the Dimitris Chorafas Foundation 2005 Prize in recognition of her work in knowledge representation and engineering in the geospatial domain. She is the secretary of ISPRS Working Group II/6 – System Integration and Interoperability. As a member of the OntoGEO research group, she specializes in GIScience. Her research interests include geospatial semantics, ontologies, semantic integration, interoperability and knowledge representation. She has co-authored one book and several publications in scientific journals and conference proceedings.

    Peter A. Kwaku Kyem is Professor of Geography at Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, Connecticut. Dr Kyem holds a PhD in Geography from Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts. He has presented papers on a number of topics at national and international conferences. His publications appear in books and reputable journals including the Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Cartographica: the International Journal of Cartography, Transactions in GIS and the Journal of Planning Education Research. His current research focuses on Participatory GIS Applications, GIS and Conflict Management and ICT deployment in Africa.

    Melinda Laituri is Associate Professor at Colorado State University in the Forest, Rangeland, and Watershed Stewardship Department. She is the director of the Geospatial Centroid at CSU that provides information and communication about GIS across campus and community. Dr Laituri teaches graduate courses in GIS. Her research focuses on the intersection of science and culture using geospatial science. She has research projects in Mongolia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Canada, Alaska and China. Other research work focuses on the role of the Internet and geospatial technologies of disaster management and cross-cultural environmental histories of river-basin management.

    Roger Longhorn holds BSc and MSc degrees from MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA, and has been involved in the ICT industry since 1976. He developed marine information systems globally, then worked as an expert in information services for the European Commission and remains active in several EC R∧D and information market programmes. He has been involved in developing the European Spatial Data Infrastructure strategy since 1995 and is currently helping to implement the INSPIRE Directive in three EU Member States. He co-authored a book on value, pricing and consumption of geographic information (2008) with Professor Mike Blakemore.

    Ian Masser retired as Professor of Urban Planning at ITC in the Netherlands. Educated in geography and town planning at Liverpool University, Ian received his PhD and a LittD from the same University. He coordinated the UK Economic and Social Research Council's Regional Research Laboratory Initiative and co-directed the European Science Foundation's GISDATA scientific programme. His publications include 18 books and more than 300 contributions to conference proceedings, books and refereed journals. His most recent book, Building European SDIs was published by ESRI Press in 2007. Ian was founder chairman of the Association of Geographic Information Laboratories in Europe (AGILE), President of the European Umbrella Organisation for Geographic Information (EUROGI) and the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Association (GSDI).

    Robert B. McMaster is Professor of Geography and Vice Provost and Dean of Undergraduate Education at the University of Minnesota–Twin Cities. He received his PhD in Geography and Meteorology from the University of Kansas in 1983 and has held previous appointments at UCLA and Syracuse University. His research interests are in geographic scale and cartographic generalization, GIS and society, environmental risk assessment and the history of US academic cartography. He has published several books including Map Generalization: Making Rules for Knowledge Representation (with B. Buttenfield), Generalization in Digital Cartography (with K. Stuart Shea), Thematic Cartography and Geographic Visualization (with T. Slocum, F. Kessler and H. Howard), A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science (with E.L. Usery) and Scale and Geographic Inquiry (with E. Sheppard).

    Timothy L. Nyerges is Professor of Geography at the University of Washington. His current teaching and research involves participatory geographic information science and systems (GIS) enabled by cyberinfrastructure technology to support stakeholder-based problem solving for land use, transportation, water resources and coastal resources. He has authored or co-authored over 150 papers and chapters plus four books. A 2010 textbook about sustainability management is titled Regional and Urban GIS: A Decision Support Approach, co-author with Piotr Jankowski. Nyerges was chair of the GIS Specialty Group of AAG, research committee chair, presidentelect and president of University Consortium for Geographic Information Science.

    Laxmi Ramasubramanian is currently an Associate Professor of Urban Planning at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, both sister colleges of the City University of New York. She has a visiting professor appointment at Anna University, Chennai, India. She is a PhD, AICP and an architect and practicing planner. She is an expert in the design, implementation and evaluation of participatory planning projects that use affordable and accessible digital technologies. She has recently completed a book Geographic Information Science and Public Participation, published by Springer.

    Martin Raubal is Associate Professor at the Department of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He received his PhD in Geoinformation from Vienna University of Technology in 2001. Martin's research interests lie in the area of cognitive engineering for geospatial services, more specifically he focuses on representing and modeling people's cognition and spatiotemporal behaviour, and the integration of such models into geospatial applications for the enhancement of people's decision-making support. Martin is currently a board member of UCGIS and serves on the editorial boards of Transactions in GIS, Journal of Location Based Services, Journal of Spatial Information Science, Geography Compass and the Semantic Web Journal. He has authored and co-authored more than 60 books and research papers published in refereed journals and conference proceedings.

    Nadine Schuurman is Professor in the Department of Geography at Simon Fraser University. Her research is at the intersection of GIS and health informatics. She has worked on issues from ontology and metadata to spatial data integration. More recently, Dr Schuurman has focused on novel spatial approaches to global population health and location of health services.

    Shih-Lung Shaw is Professor of Geography at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. His research interests include GIS for transportation (GIS-T), temporal GIS, time geography, transportation, and spatial analysis and modeling. Dr Shaw is a fellow of the American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS) and a recipient of the Edward L. Ullman Award for outstanding contributions to transportation geography from the Association of American Geographers (AAG). He served as chair of the Transportation Geography Specialty Group and secretary/treasurer of the GIS Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers.

    Daniel Z. Sui is Professor of Geography and Distinguished Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Ohio State University. He also serves as the director for OSU's Center for Urban and Regional Analysis (CURA). Prior assuming his current position at OSU, Daniel Sui was a professor of geography and holder of the Reta A. Haynes endowed chair at Texas A&M University. His research interests include GIS-based spatial analysis and modeling for urban, environmental, and public health applications; theoretical issues in GIScience; and legal and ethical issues of using GIS in society. Sui is a current member of the National Mapping Science Committee.

    Emily Talen is Professor at Arizona State University, where she has two affiliations: the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning and the School of Sustainability. She holds a PhD in geography from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research focuses on topics dealing with new urbanism, urban design, sustainable communities and the social implications of community design. She has authored three books: New Urbanism and American Planning: The Conflict of Cultures (2005), Design for Diversity (2008) and Urban Design Reclaimed (2009).

    Kenneth S.S. Tang is Senior Town Planner of the Planning Department (PlanD) of the Hong Kong SAR Government. He has substantial experience in both strategic and district planning. He has participated in the development of major IT systems for PlanD. He served as the Honorary Secretary of the Hong Kong Institute of Planners (HKIP) and currently a member of the editorial board of the HKIP journal Planning and Development. Over past 20 years, he has contributed to the teaching of quantitative methods, urban modelling and planning theories as part-time lecturer at a number of local universities.

    Shaowen Wang is Associate Professor of Geography at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Senior Research Scientist at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications. His research interests included computationally intensive spatial analysis and modeling, parallel and distributed computing, high-performance and collaborative geographic information systems, and cyberinfrastructure-based geospatial problem-solving environments and applications. Dr Wang has published over 40 peer-reviewed papers addressing these interests in various journals and conference proceedings in the domains of cyberinfrastructure, geographic information science and geography.

    Stacy Warren is a Trained Cultural Geographer who also has been involved with GIS from numerous angles, including undergraduate instructor, freelance practitioner, programmer/developer and critical theorist. She has published several articles on the critical possibilities of GIS and social justice and its applications in undergraduate education. When not occupied with GIS pursuits, Dr Warren also publishes in the field of critical Disney studies with primary focus on the cultural and urban implications of Disney theme park-style development. She also serves as faculty advisor for the Walt Disney College Program.

    Paul J. Weschler is a GIS Analyst for the Federal Emergency Management Agency in Washington D.C. He joined FEMA in 2004 and has participated in GIS response and recovery work for Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan, Jeanne, Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Wilma, and Gustav. He served as GIS Unit Leader for FEMA's Mississippi Hurricane Katrina Recovery effort and has extensive knowledge of state and federal emergency management practices and procedures. He has a GIS Certificate from Penn State University and he is professionally interested in the integration of enterprise databases into GIS analysis and display as well as automating web-based geospatial analysis for public consumption.

    Matthew Wilson is Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography at Ball State University. His research is situated across political, feminist and urban geography as well as science and technoculture studies, interfacing these with critical GIS. He studies the use of geographic information technologies in representations of the urban and the environment, with more specific interest in location-enabled mobile technologies and the proliferation of user-created, Internet-based locational data.

    Dawn Wright is Professor of Geography and Oceanography at Oregon State University, with research interests in geographic information science, coastal web atlases, benthic terrain and habitat characterization and ocean informatics/ocean cyberinfrastructure. She serves on several editorial and advisory boards, as well as on the US National Academy of Sciences' Ocean Studies Board, Committee on Strategic Directions in the Geographical Sciences and Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for US Ocean Research in 2030. Dawn holds a PhD in physical geography and marine geology from UCSB, and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

    Anthony G.O. Yeh is Chair Professor in Urban Planning and GIS at the University of Hong Kong and Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has been doing research on the use of GIS in urban and regional planning since the early 1980s. He is the founding secretary-general of the Asian Planning Schools Association and Asia GIS Association. He has been the chairman of the Geographic Information Science Commission of the International Geographical Union (IGU) and founding president of the Hong Kong GIS Association. He is on the editorial boards of international journals and has published widely in international journals.

    Hongbo Yu is Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography at Oklahoma State University. His research interests include transportation geography, time geography, spatial analysis, GIS for transportation and temporal GIS. He is a recipient of the 2006 Best PhD Dissertation Award in Transportation Geography from the Association of American Geographers (AAG) and a winner of the 2005 Honors Competition for Student Papers on Geographic Information Science of the AAG. He currently serves as a board member of the Transportation Geography Specialty Group of the AAG.

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