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Measuring Reasoning Ability
Measuring reasoning ability
OliverWilhelm
Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

Reasoning is a thinking activity that is of crucial importance throughout our lives. Consequentially, the ability to reason is of central importance in all major theories of intelligence structure. Whenever we think about the causes of events and actions, when we pursue discourse, when we evaluate assumptions and expectations based on our prior knowledge, and when we develop ideas and plans, the ability to reason is pivotal.

The verb reason is associated with various highly overlapping meanings. Justifying and supporting concepts and ideas is as important as convincing others through good reasons and the “discovery” of conclusions through the analysis of discourse. In modern psychology, usually two to three forms of reasoning are distinguished. in deductive reasoning, we ...

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