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Chapter 2: Creating Community with Media: History, Theories and Scientific Investigations
Of all the promises and prognoses made about old and new media, perhaps the most compelling has been the possibility of regenerating community through mediated forms of communication. This theme found expression during the development of radio in the 1920s and 1930s and later with television in the 1950s. It was particularly prominent during the introduction of community radio and television in the 1970s; it has reached extraordinary proportions with the more recent emergence of ‘virtual communities’ on Internet-based services.
This chapter traces the relationship between (new) media and community. The first section sketches three historical periods when the relation between community and media has been ...