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Jerry A. Jacobs

In: Handbook of Gender & Work

Chapter 7: The Sex Segregation of Occupations: Prospects for the 21st Century

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The Sex Segregation of Occupations: Prospects for the 21st Century
The sex segregation of occupations: Prospects for the 21st century
Jerry A.Jacobs

Men and women work in different jobs, and often do so in different organizations. The differing distribution of men and women across positions within the occupational structure may be referred to as the “sex segregation” of occupations. The term segregation may be more familiar in the context of residential segregation by race and ethnicity, but there are a number of analogies that may be made between residential segregation and occupational segregation. The same statistical measures are used in both cases, and some of the theoretical explanations of both phenomena resonate.

Sex segregation remains a defining element of the American occupational structure. It is pervasive, although it ...

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