- Subject index
The Handbook of Gender and Work provides a comprehensive overview and synthesis of the literature and knowledge about gender and work. It equips the reader with a solid understanding of where we stand on gender and work issues and what the next directions for research and assessment will be. Under the skilled leadership of editor Gary N. Powell, an outstanding group of multidisciplinary and international researchers and scholars deliver their summary and analysis of current research and their views on how gender and work intersect along a variety of societal, economic, interpersonal, and organizational paradigms.
Chapter 22: Affirmative Action: History, Effects, and Attitudes
Affirmative Action: History, Effects, and Attitudes
Affirmative action (AA) programs consist of organizational goals for increasing the representation of historically excluded groups, timetables for achieving those goals, and organizational practices designed to achieve the goals within the stated time frames. In the United States, AA programs usually target African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans, and White women. AA is clearly under attack, particularly in the popular business press (e.g., D'Souza, 1997; Munk, 1994). Many in both academia and business continue to defend it (e.g., Reed, 1995; Steinberg, 1995). The conclusions we draw from a review of the research place us squarely in favor of AA policy. Because much of the research does not distinguish among ...