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  • By: Martin Köppel
  • In: Green Politics: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Dustin Mulvaney & Paul Robbins
  • Subject:Environmental Sociology, Environmental Technology, Policy & Management, Environmental Policy & Law (general)

Ecofeminism is a social, political, and academic movement that views the oppression of women and the exploitation of nature as being interconnected. For ecofeminists, feminism is an environmental issue, and the environment is a feminist issue. Many social and environmental problems of the late 20th century are seen as an inevitable outcome of “masculine” behavior. The term ecofeminism, or ecological feminism, was coined in 1974 by the French feminist Francoise d'Eaubonne. It is one of the few movements that connect other movements. In addition to the feminist and environmental movements, ecofeminists have extended their analyses to the interconnections among the domination of nature, sexism, racism, and social inequality.

Principles of ecofeminism include the following:

  • The domination of women and the domination of nature (as well as other ...
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