Anthropocentrism versus Biocentrism

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  • Opposing the anthropocentric view that human well-being is the central consideration, Ecuador added the Rights of Nature to its constitution to protect its diverse ecosystems like the Amazon rainforest and the Galapagos Islands (pictured).

    This article evaluates anthropocentrism and biocentrism, identifying some of the pros and cons of both approaches to environmental conservation and protection. In order to fully understand this debate, it is first important to review their definitions. Anthropocentrism is a perspective that regards humans as the most important entity on the planet. An anthrocentric—literally “human-centered”—approach to environmental protection translates into a conviction that human well-being is the central consideration. In contrast, biocentrism deems humans to be merely one of many biological species, assigning inherent value to nonhuman organisms ...

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