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Biome: Tropical Scrub

  • By: Kenneth R. Young
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

On every continent except Antarctica, there are areas with dry or desert climates that receive enough rainfall to support shrubs as a dominant plant growth form. The land cover of these places consists of various types of shrublands or woodlands, which can be collectively known as “scrub.” Tropical scrub refers both to this climate zone as found in tropical and subtropical latitudes and also to the typical scrub vegetation type of those latitudes, characterized by dominance of multi-stemmed woody plants that are 1 to 5 m (meter) tall. It may also be known as brush, bush, or thicket, depending on local usage. Slightly higher woody plants with thorns, form the closely associated “thorn woodland.”

Globally, tropical scrub and its variants can be found in large areas ...

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