- Subject index
This volume in The SAGE Reference Series on Disability explores ethical, legal, and policy issues of people with disabilities, and is one of eight volumes in the cross-disciplinary and issues-based series, which examines topics central to the lives of individuals with disabilities and their families. With a balance of history, theory, research, and application, specialistsset out the findings and implications of research and practice for others whose current or future work involves the care and/or study of those with disabilities, as well as for the disabled themselves. The presentational style (concise and engaging) emphasizes accessibility. Taken individually, each volume sets out the fundamentals of the topic it addresses, accompanied by compiled data and statistics, recommended further readings, a guide to organizations and associations, and other annotated resources, thus providing the ideal introductory platform and gateway for further study. Taken together, the series represents both a survey of major disability issues and a guide to new directions and trends and contemporary resources in the field as a whole.
Chapter 5: Annotated Data, Statistics, Tables, and Graphs
Annotated Data, Statistics, Tables, and Graphs
In this chapter, we collect statistics about disability relevant to disability ethics, law, and policy. The most important number for disability policy is prevalence: how many people with disabilities there are in the United States at any given moment. Prevalence is a crucial number for policy makers, who have to make two kinds of decisions about the needs and resources of sub-populations. Macro-allocation decisions are about the targeted population and the size of the overall budget required to cover needs. Micro-allocation decisions are about distributing this overall budget across the population for specified programs and policies. Obviously, micro-allocations depend on the prior macro-allocation, and this decision depends in turn on prevalence. Making ...