Intelligence, Neural Basis

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  • Intelligence, however defined, is in the brain. This entry explains why intelligence has a neural basis and how researchers are progressing toward the potential ability to enhance intelligence by manipulating biology. For research purposes, intelligence is reliably defined by tests of mental abilities that have a common general factor, usually designated g. Genetics play a predominate role in explaining individual differences in both general intelligence and brain structure. Because genes work through biology, there must be an important biological basis to intelligence, and this is the starting point for neuroscience investigations. Once salient brain properties are identified, such as regional gray matter volume or white matter integrity, further research can identify other biological and nonbiological factors that can influence these properties at any time during ...

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    • Action and Motor Control
    • Computational Perspectives
    • Heritability
    • Cultural Perspectives
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Neural Basis
    • Computational Perspectives
    • Computational Perspectives
    • Computational Perspectives
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Neural Basis
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Development
    • Computational Perspectives
    • Development
    • Development
    • Computational Perspectives
    • Cultural Perspectives
    • Disorders and Pathology
    • Disorders and Pathology
    • Neural Basis
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Development
    • Development
    • Cultural Perspectives
    • Psychological Research
    • Psychological Research
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Cultural Perspectives
    • Attention
    • Concepts and Categories
    • Disorders and Pathology
    • Psychological Research
    • Development
    • Disorders and Pathology
    • Neural Basis
    • Practical Applications
    • Psychological Research
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Development
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Psychological Research
    • Psychological Research
    • Psychological Research
    • Psychological Research
    • Practical Applications
    • Evolutionary Perspectives
    • Disorders and Pathology
    • Evolutionary Perspectives
    • Consciousness
    • Decision Making
    • Neural Basis
    • Evolutionary Perspectives
    • Neural Basis
    • Psychological Research
    • Practical Applications
    • Psychological Research
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Neural Basis
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Disorders and Pathology
    • Psychological Research
    • Philosophical Perspectives
    • Practical Applications
    • Psychological Research
    • Practical Applications
    • Psychological Research
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