Language Development in Children With Cochlear Implants

Jessica Beer, Kimberly Peters & David B. Pisoni

In: Encyclopedia of Language Development

Language Development in Children With Cochlear Implants

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  • More than 28,000 children in the United States and more than 71,000 children worldwide have received cochlear implants. Approximately 40 percent of children born with profound deafness receive implants in one or both ears. Children with congenital, profound hearing loss of unknown etiology represent the largest proportion of pediatric cochlear implant recipients. These children, deafened prior to the development of language (i.e., prelingually deaf) show significant delays and disturbances in both expressive and receptive spoken language, with consequent comorbid deficits in several core areas mediated by language such as literacy, executive function, behavior regulation, and social cognition. A cochlear implant is a medical intervention that provides both children and adults with profound deafness access to the acoustic cues necessary for speech acquisition and spoken language ...

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