Item-Based/Exemplar-Based Learning

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  • Item-based/exemplar-based approaches to learning recognize that a large part of a person's language knowledge is constructed from rather specific pieces of language, grounded in the expressions people actually use during their everyday interactions. These items or exemplars are stored in a way that is not far removed (in terms of schematicity) from the way in which people encounter them in natural discourse. This does not necessarily entail that children do not, at some point, understand phrases like Susan tickles Mary or words like hands as exemplars of more general patterns or schema, say X VERBs Y or plural = noun+s. It is a claim about how children might get to this point of development and how information is stored in the mind of the speaker. ...

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