Hyper-Articulation of Child-Directed Speech

Christine Kitamura

In: Encyclopedia of Language Development

Hyper-Articulation of Child-Directed Speech

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  • Child-directed speech (CDS) is the speech style used by mothers, fathers, and others to talk to an infant or young child and is known to engage attention, regulate arousal levels, and facilitate language development. Typically, its production involves adopting a strategy of simplifying what is said and exaggerating how it is said, or more specifically, exaggerating its prosodic and phonetic features. Adjustments that make CDS linguistically distinctive from adult-directed speech (ADS) include shorter utterances, more repetition, simplified syntax, and smaller vocabulary. Prosodically, it has exaggerated intonation and positive emotion, and phonetically, it contains hyper-articulation of certain speech sounds.

    Hyper-articulation refers to the exaggeration of the phonetic features of CDS that contribute to the clarification of its speech sounds. Hyper-articulation occurs in many situations where there is ...

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