Aspect

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  • Aspect is a core semantic notion that refers to the ways that events unfold in time. It manifests in language in two distinct, but closely related, ways: lexical aspect and grammatical aspect. Lexical aspect refers to the inherent event properties expressed by a predicate. In a well-known paper, Z. Vendler laid out a taxonomy of lexical aspect types using three critical properties: whether the event described had a natural boundary point (telicity), involved dynamic change (stativity), or extended over time (durativity).

    Lexical aspect is conveyed primarily through the open-class content words of a sentence. When children begin to produce the forms of grammatical aspect, they are highly influenced by these natural connections (see Table 1). By contrast, grammatical aspect refers to the temporal perspective a speaker ...

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