Apraxia of Speech, Childhood

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  • Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a complex neurodevelopmental speech disorder with an unknown etiology and lack of clarity regarding its pathophysiology. CAS has also been discussed as a motor speech disorder because of an associated inability to plan movements that produce speech. Previously, CAS was labeled as either developmental apraxia of speech (DAS) or developmental verbal apraxia (DVA). However, DAS and DVA are no longer recommended as diagnostic terminology as the term developmental infers that the child may outgrow the disorder, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). CAS persists through late childhood with children reported to average 9 years of speech and other types of therapy. As children mature and maintain characteristics of CAS, their speech is still considered childhood apraxia to distinguish ...

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