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Early Second Language Acquisition

The term early second language acquisition usually refers to the child's acquisition of a language other than the first one (also called native language) during childhood. While the first language (L1) is normally acquired from birth through exposure to the ambient language and interaction with the family members (i.e., parents, siblings, and main caretakers) who regularly use this language to communicate with the child, the acquisition of a second language (L2) in the early years can be the result of a wide range of social and interpersonal circumstances. The general term second language acquisition (SLA, although L2A can also be found in the literature) is used to refer to the either formal (through instruction) or informal (through exposure in naturalistic contexts) acquisition of a language ...

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