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  • Discourse-pragmatics relates to the communicative function of propositions, that is, the basic units of information structure in human language. In its broadest sense, the discourse context represents a complex set of information, including linguistic information (e.g., previously linguistically mentioned entities, events, and states of affairs); extralinguistic information encoded in the physical environment (e.g., entities that can be perceived through sensorial experience); and world knowledge, that is, the long-term repository of information accumulated about the world (e.g., the fact that birds fly and fish swim).

    Children learn language to communicate; they use it to transfer and request information from their interlocutors and to elicit a desired behavior on the part of their addressee. Even before they can utter their first words, children use nonlinguistic means to request ...

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