Cross-Linguistic Investigation of Language Impairments

Klara Marton & Jungmee Yoon

In: Encyclopedia of Language Development

Cross-Linguistic Investigation of Language Impairments

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  • This entry examines how language impairment is manifested across different languages. Analyzing language profiles, developmental trajectories, and error patterns may enhance our understanding of the universal characteristics and the language-specific features of child language impairment. Most cross-linguistic studies in the literature have focused on children with specific language impairment (SLI) and their development in morphosyntax. Therefore, the focus of this entry is on children with SLI; however, it includes some findings from studies on dyslexia. Many of the participants in those studies had histories of oral language impairment during their preschool years. Children with SLI are characterized primarily by exclusionary criteria.

    These children are defined as showing difficulties in the development of cognitive-linguistic skills despite their average nonverbal intelligence and the lack of any frank neurological, ...

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