Bilingualism: Effects on Cognitive Development

Judith F. Kroll & Cari A. Bogulski

In: Encyclopedia of Language Development

Bilingualism: Effects on Cognitive Development

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  • Although the use of two or more languages is common in many places in the world, it was not until recently that research on language and cognition considered the consequences of bilingualism. The new research on this topic examines the course of language and cognitive development for infants and young children exposed to two languages from birth, the way that multiple language use affects language processing and cognitive control processes in adulthood, and the consequences of bilingual language experience for older bilinguals at the point in the life span where cognitive resources are normally affected by aging or abnormally affected by disease. Contrary to the view that the presence of two languages complicates cognition, the evidence that will be reviewed suggests that the human mind ...

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