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Speech Prosody

Prosody is the term applied to the intonation, timing, and prominences of speech, and the effect of these on the meaning of what is said. In this entry, consideration of prosodic development will be confined mainly to the English language and to conversational speech (as opposed to the prosody characteristic of reading aloud). Prosody will be reviewed from the point of view of perception, production, and interaction with reference to four developmental stages: prenatal, the first 2 years of life, years 2 through 5, and years 5 through 13. Atypical prosodic development is covered in the final section. There is considerable variation in individual children in all parameters of prosodic development, and any age points given here are only broadly indicative.

Prosodic Elements

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