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Socioeconomic Factors

All typically developing children in typical environments develop language. Language acquisition is inevitable, while language development is variable. The inevitability of language acquisition is explained by the innate capabilities of the human species that makes language acquisition possible. The variability of language development can best be explained by the role that environment plays in the determination of individual differences. Language development is shaped by the social context in which children live. Socioeconomic status (SES) is included among other contextual variables that influence and shape language development. The effects of SES on language development are robust and considerable. Some of the effects of SES have a direct impact on language development, while other SES effects are indirect.

SES is a composite variable that includes multiple factors. Parents' ...

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