Private Speech/Inner Speech

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  • Conversing with oneself is a powerful and emancipating psychological activity that children perform out loud and adults perform silently inside their heads. The vocalized or externalized form is labeled private speech (PS) and is produced mostly by children between 2 and 7 years of age and mainly during their fantasy play and sociodramatic play. Gradually, children transform this personal speech from a simple vehicle for spontaneously expressing emotions and perceptions into a precision psychological tool for imagining, reasoning, planning, and solving practical problems. Children then learn to abbreviate the words and suppress the respiratory component of this speech, producing a separate, subvocalized or internalized form of self-conversation labeled inner speech (IS) that is audible only to the speaker. Armed with this rapid and silent speech ...

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