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Prediction in Language Learning, Role of

Predictive language processing is the activation of upcoming linguistic input before it is encountered by the language user. Such pre-activation may arise from various information sources and mechanisms such as simple associations, statistical learning, or priming mechanisms but also from more active forecasting mechanisms. Theories about the role of prediction in language learning differ in their emphasis on experience-based mechanisms, on the role of the language production system, and the importance of inferential and context-dependent mechanisms relying on discourse and event information. Experimental evidence in support of each of these three major approaches has been collected, which suggests that only a combination of these mechanisms can account for all facets of prediction in language learning. Effects of literacy on language-mediated prediction suggest that prediction not ...

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