Phonological Development in Children With Language Impairments

Julia M. Carroll

In: Encyclopedia of Language Development

Phonological Development in Children With Language Impairments

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  • The term language impairment (LI) is used to describe children who show difficulties in understanding or producing spoken language without accompanying impairments in hearing, brain damage, or global cognitive delay. Approximately 7 percent of children show this pattern. Most, but not all, of these children show impairments in phonological processing, or in other words, difficulties in perceiving, producing, or remembering the sound structure of speech. Children with speech sound disorder are similar to children with LI in that they show impairments in speech production and phonological processing, but they do not show broader oral language difficulties. Children with LI tend to show a combination of phonological and grammatical language deficits, but the extent to which these difficulties are independent is the subject of debate. Finally, ...

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