Adjectives

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  • Adjectives are words that denote properties of objects, such as size (big), shape (round), color (red), texture (rough), material (wooden), state (sleeping), and aesthetic qualities (beautiful), among many others. As a grammatical category in English, adjectives modify nouns, appearing in either a prenominal position (before the noun, such as What an adorable baby!) or in predicative position, often after a copular verb (as in, Your baby is adorable!). Their surface-level distribution is linked to their position in the syntactic structure and their semantic representation, and therefore distinguishes them from quantificational terms, such as some and every, and number words, such as two, which have a partially overlapping distribution. Adjectives are among the first words produced by young children. Moreover, a range of adjectives appears frequently ...

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