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CompStat is a term that refers to comparative statistics or computer statistics. It is the systematic collection, analysis, and mapping of crime data and police performance measures toward addressing crime, while also holding police managers accountable for their own and their officers’ performance as measured by these data.

CompStat originated in 1994 at the New York City Police Department (NYPD) as a multilayered approach to reducing crime, improving quality of life, and establishing better accountability for personnel and resource management. A principal aim of CompStat was to engage NYPD’s precinct captains in employing problem-solving strategies and tactics to address neighborhood problems in their areas of command. As such, it represents a departure from conventional policing, which is characterized by organizational inflexibility, central authority, and limited discretion. ...

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