Boggs Act

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  • The Boggs Act of 1951 (named for Louisiana Congressman Thomas Boggs, Sr., who sponsored the bill because he thought drug laws were too lenient) strengthened the enforcement of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 and the Narcotic Drug Import and Export Act of 1922 by enforcing harsh penalties on individuals convicted of drug law violations. This entry explores the historical context that led to the passage of the Boggs Act, the legal content of the act, and reactions to the act after its passage.

    In the early 19th century, there was little to no legal regulation of drug use in the United States.

    The use of marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and opium was often commonplace and even encouraged by many in the medical community. However, the late ...

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    • Alabama Laws and Programs
    • Afghanistan
    • Employment Division v. Smith (1990)
    • Anti-Drug Operations, Pre-1960s
    • Alcoholics Anonymous
    • Ambrose, Myles
    • Bush Administration, George H. W.
    • Addiction Maintenance
    • Alcohol
    • Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971
    • Narcotics Limitation Convention of 1931
    • Amphetamines
    • Coerced Drug Treatment
    • Bush Administration, George W.
    • Anslinger, Harry
    • Anti-Drug Grassroots Organizations
    • Anti-Drug Operations, 1960s
    • Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente União do Vegetal (2006)
    • Algeria
    • Alaska Laws and Programs
    • Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education Amendments (1978)
    • Argentina
    • Gonzales v. Oregon
    • Anti-Drug Operations, 1970s
    • Anti-Tobacco Campaigns
    • Bartels, John
    • Carter Administration, James
    • Disease Model of Use
    • Antagonist Medications
    • National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse (1972)
    • 1909 Shanghai Conference
    • Barbiturates
    • Drug Abuse Warning Network
    • Clinton Administration, William
    • Bennett, William
    • Armed Forces
    • Anti-Drug Operations, 1980s
    • Gonzales v. Raich (2005)
    • Australia
    • Analogue (Designer Drug) Act
    • Anti-Drug Abuse Act (Drug-Free America Act)
    • Azerbaijan
    • Gore v. United States (1958)
    • Anti-Drug Operations, 1990s
    • Bureau of Drug Abuse Control
    • Bensinger, Peter
    • Coolidge Administration, Calvin
    • Drug Testing
    • Caffeine
    • 1912 Hague Conference
    • 1925 Geneva Convention on Opium and Other Drugs
    • Club Drugs
    • Drug Treatment Programs
    • Eisenhower Administration, Dwight
    • Bonner, Robert
    • Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
    • Anti-Drug Operations, 2000s
    • Indianapolis v. Edmond (2000)
    • Bahamas
    • Anti-Drug Abuse Amendment Act
    • Anti-Drug War Movement
    • Bangladesh
    • Jin Fuey Moy v. United States (1920)
    • Asset Forfeiture
    • D.A.R.E.
    • Bourne, Peter
    • Ford Administration, Gerald
    • Evaluative Evidence of Prevention Programs
    • Cocaine
    • 1946 Revision of the Harrison Act
    • Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961
    • Crack
    • Evaluative Evidence of Rehab/Treatment Programs
    • Harding Administration, Warren
    • Brown, Lee
    • Drug Enforcement Administration
    • Cocaine Cartels
    • Leary v. United States (1967)
    • Belarus
    • Arizona Laws and Programs
    • Arkansas Laws and Programs
    • Belize
    • Lewis v. United States (1966)
    • Data Collection Systems
    • Drug Treatment Programs
    • Constantine, Thomas
    • Hoover Administration, Herbert
    • Group Therapy
    • Ecstasy
    • United Nations Convention Against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs
    • Freebase
    • Harm Reduction
    • Johnson Administration, Lyndon
    • Dupont, Robert
    • Federal Bureau of Narcotics
    • Drug Trafficking and Political Movements
    • Linder v. United States (1925)
    • Benin
    • Aviation Drug-Trafficking Control Act
    • Boggs Act
    • Bolivia
    • People v. Woody (1964)
    • Drugs and Money Laundering
    • International Drug Agencies
    • Giordano, Henry
    • Kennedy Administration, John F.
    • Inpatient Treatment Programs
    • Hallucinogens
    • Heroin
    • Laboratory Techniques
    • Nixon Administration, Richard
    • Greene, Stephen
    • International Narcotics Control Board
    • Drugs and Terrorism
    • United States v. Doremus (1919)
    • Brazil
    • California Laws and Programs
    • Colorado Laws and Programs
    • Cambodia
    • United States v. Jeffers (1951)
    • Drugs-Crime Connection
    • Narcotics Anonymous
    • Hutchinson, Asa
    • Obama Administration, Barack
    • Needle Exchange Programs
    • Inhalants
    • Ketamine
    • Prescription Drug Abuse
    • Presidential Administrations Prior to Federal Drug Regulation
    • Ingersoll, John
    • National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws
    • Golden Crescent
    • United States v. Kuch (1968)
    • Canada
    • Community Mental Health Centers Act
    • Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984
    • Chile
    • United States v. Sanchez (1950)
    • Golden Triangle
    • Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement
    • Kerlikowske, Gil
    • Reagan Administration, Ronald
    • Prevention Programs
    • Khat
    • LSD
    • Rational Addiction Model of Drug Use
    • Roosevelt Administration, Franklin D.
    • Lawn, John
    • Office of National Drug Control Policy
    • Prices and Volumes in Illicit Markets, Theories of
    • United States v. Warner (1984)
    • China
    • Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
    • Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act
    • Colombia
    • Set and Setting
    • Office of National Narcotics Intelligence
    • Leonhart, Michele
    • Roosevelt Administration, Theodore
    • Rehabilitation/Treatment Programs
    • Marijuana
    • Methadone
    • Safe Injection Rooms
    • Taft Administration, William Howard
    • Lindesmith, Alfred
    • Partnership for a Drug-Free America
    • Congo
    • Connecticut Laws and Programs
    • Controlled Substance Registrant Protection Act
    • Costa Rica
    • President's Advisory Commission on Narcotics and Drug Abuse (Prettyman)
    • Marshall, Donnie
    • Truman Administration, Harry
    • Single Distribution Theory of Consumption
    • Methamphetamine
    • Morphine
    • SMART Recovery
    • Wilson Administration, Woodrow
    • Martinez, Bob
    • Secular Organizations for Sobriety
    • Cuba
    • Controlled Substances Import and Export Act
    • Controlled Substances Penalties Amendments Act
    • Denmark
    • Social Movements Against Drunken Driving
    • McCaffrey, Barry R.
    • 12-Step Recovery Programs
    • Over-the-Counter Drugs
    • Salvia Divinorum
    • Mill, John Stuart
    • Temperance Movement
    • Dominican Republic
    • Criminal Justice/Enforcement Strategies of Drug Control
    • Dangerous Drug Diversion Control Act
    • Ecuador
    • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
    • Mullen, Francis
    • Sedatives
    • Steroids
    • Sullivan, William
    • U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
    • Egypt
    • Delaware Laws and Programs
    • Demand-Side Policies
    • El Salvador
    • Women for Sobriety
    • Tandy, Karen
    • Synthetic Narcotics
    • Tobacco
    • Turner, Carlton
    • France
    • Diversion Programs
    • Drug Abuse Control Amendments (1965)
    • Germany
    • Walters, John
    • Ghana
    • Drug Courts
    • Drug Policies: General Strategies
    • Greece
    • Guatemala
    • Drug Policy Effects on Rates of Crime
    • Drug Policy Effects on Rates of Drug-Related Illnesses
    • Haiti
    • Honduras
    • Drug Policy Effects on Rates of Drug-Related Injuries
    • Drug Policy Effects on Rates of Incarceration
    • Hong Kong
    • India
    • Drug Policy Effects on Rates of Use
    • Drug-Free Communities Act
    • Indonesia
    • Iran
    • Drugs and the Death Sentence
    • Durham-Humphrey Act
    • Iraq
    • Ireland
    • Ecstasy Anti-Proliferation Act
    • Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
    • Israel
    • Italy
    • Elite Model of Drug Laws
    • Elite-Engineered Moral Panics
    • Jamaica
    • Japan
    • Florida Laws and Programs
    • Food and Drug Administration
    • Jordan
    • Kazakhstan
    • Georgia Laws and Programs
    • Grassroots Model of Drug Laws
    • Kenya
    • Korea, South
    • Grassroots Moral Panics
    • Group Model of Drug Laws
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Lao PDR
    • Harrison Act
    • Hawaii Laws and Programs
    • Lebanon
    • Libya
    • Heroin Trafficking Act
    • Idaho Laws and Programs
    • Malaysia
    • Mexico
    • Illicit Drug Anti-Proliferation Act
    • Illinois Laws and Programs
    • Morocco
    • Myanmar
    • Indiana Laws and Programs
    • International Drug Policies: Eradication of Narcotic Crops
    • Netherlands
    • New Zealand
    • International Drug Policies: Interdiction and Law Enforcement
    • International Drug Policies: International Cooperation
    • Nicaragua
    • Nigeria
    • International Drug Policies: Sanctions/Economic Assistance
    • Iowa Laws and Programs
    • Pakistan
    • Panama
    • “Just Say No”
    • Kansas Laws and Programs
    • Papua New Guinea
    • Paraguay
    • Kentucky Laws and Programs
    • Louisiana Laws and Programs
    • Peru
    • Philippines
    • Maine Laws and Programs
    • Mandatory Sentencing
    • Poland
    • Portugal
    • Marihuana Tax Act (1937)
    • Maryland Laws and Programs
    • Romania
    • Russia
    • Massachusetts Laws and Programs
    • Methadone Control Act
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Senegal
    • Michigan Laws and Programs
    • Minnesota Laws and Programs
    • Singapore
    • South Africa
    • Mississippi Laws and Programs
    • Missouri Laws and Programs
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • Montana Laws and Programs
    • Moral Panics and Drug Laws
    • Switzerland
    • Tajikistan
    • Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act
    • Narcotic Control Act
    • Thailand
    • Tunisia
    • Narcotic Drug Act
    • Narcotic Drug Import and Export Act
    • Turkey
    • Uganda
    • Narcotics Manufacturers Act
    • National Narcotics Act
    • Ukraine
    • United Kingdom
    • Native Races Act
    • Nebraska Laws and Programs
    • United States
    • Uruguay
    • Nevada Laws and Programs
    • New Hampshire Laws and Programs
    • Uzbekistan
    • Venezuela
    • New Jersey Laws and Programs
    • New Mexico Laws and Programs
    • Vietnam
    • Yemen
    • New York Laws and Programs
    • 1946 Revision of Harrison Act
    • North Carolina Laws and Programs
    • North Dakota Laws and Programs
    • Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act
    • Ohio Laws and Programs
    • Oklahoma Laws and Programs
    • Omnibus Drug Abuse Act
    • Opium Poppy Control Act
    • Oregon Laws and Programs
    • Pennsylvania Laws and Programs
    • Policies Regulating Alcohol, U.S.
    • Policies Regulating Pharmaceutical Drugs, U.S.
    • Policies Regulating Tobacco, U.S.
    • Policing Techniques in the War on Drugs
    • Porter Narcotic Farm Act
    • Pure Food and Drug Act
    • Reducing Americans' Vulnerability to Ecstasy Act (RAVE Act)
    • Religious Freedom and Drug Laws
    • Rhode Island Laws and Programs
    • Rockefeller Laws
    • Schedule of Controlled Substances
    • South Carolina Laws and Programs
    • South Dakota Laws and Programs
    • Supply-Side Policies
    • Tennessee Laws and Programs
    • Testing and Sanctions
    • Texas Laws and Programs
    • Twenty-First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
    • Uniform State Narcotics Act
    • Utah Laws and Programs
    • Vermont Laws and Programs
    • Virginia Laws and Programs
    • Volstead Act
    • “War on Drugs”
    • Washington Laws and Programs
    • Webb-Kenyon Act
    • West Virginia Laws and Programs
    • Wisconsin Laws and Programs
    • Workplace: Drug-Free Policy
    • Workplace: Role, Prevention, and Programs
    • Wyoming Laws and Programs
    • Zero Tolerance
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