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Schedule of Controlled Substances

  • By: Eric L. Sevigny
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

The Controlled Substances Act (CSA), Titles II and III of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Prevention Control Act of 1970, provides the legal framework in the United States for regulating the use, distribution, and manufacture of controlled substances, including narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, and other psychoactive plants, drugs, and chemicals. The centerpiece of the CSA is the schedule of controlled substances (Title II), which classifies listed substances into one of five schedules according to their potential for abuse, medical utility, and safety or dependence liability. The schedules stipulate increasingly strict controls and restrictions on listed controlled substances.

Origins of the CSA

Prior to 1970, federal drug control was administered through an ad hoc regulatory framework amassed over the previous half century. Weaknesses in this patchwork regime ...

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