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Romania

  • By: John H. Barnhill
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Romania is an Eastern European nation bordering Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, and the Ukraine. Romania is a former member of the Soviet bloc, and is now developing a European Union (EU) approach to drug treatment and control. Romania's 2005–12 drug strategy seeks to integrate institutions and services to provide care and social assistance, reduction of use, and prevention and blocking of illicit trafficking. The Romanian anti-drug strategy includes information dissemination, counseling and prevention centers, and standards for monitoring and evaluating interventions for quality control. The National Anti-Drug Agency dates from 2002 as the coordinating agency, has 47 centers, and is the primary research element.

The anti-drug campaign stresses mass media, education, and targeting of vulnerable populations. Schools receive broad informational programs, while targeted programs reach school ...

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