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Indonesia

  • By: Karen K. Clark
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Indonesia, formerly known as the Dutch East Indies, is in southeast Asia and is bordered by Singapore and Malaysia. The country is made up of a collection of islands and archipelagos. It is the world's third largest democratic state behind India and the United States, and the world's fourth most populated nation. Indonesia is a Muslim state that has had to contend with separatist forces disrupting its local economy and threatening its political stability. The Indonesian military has been largely successful at reducing impacts of separatist movements but has had to contend with terrorism.

Indonesia has only recently become democratic and was governed under authoritarian rule until 1999. There is much evidence of corruption in Indonesia's police and military forces. Indonesian government representatives have been ...

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