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El Salvador

  • By: Robert J. Meadows
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Located in Central America along the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras, El Salvador lies between the United States and the major drug-producing nations. El Salvador is a transit point for trafficking cocaine and heroin. Although a transit point, El Salvador is not a major drug-producing nation, and precursor chemical production is not a significant problem.

Rates of drug use in El Salvador are relatively low, with approximately 0.5 percent of the adult population using marijuana annually. Cocaine use is El Salvador's most significant drug problem, with between 0.2 and 0.5 percent of the population using cocaine annually. El Salvador is a party to the 1961 United Nations (UN) Single Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol, the 1971 UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances, the Central ...

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