Blytt-Sernander timescale

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  • The Norwegian A.G. Blytt and the Swede R. Sernander recognised a sequence of holocene environmental change in southern Scandinavia based on peat stratigraphy (see Table). Changes in peat humification were used in the climatic reconstruction. Later, pollen analysis helped correlate the Blytt-Sernander zones over geographical space. Before radiocarbon dating, chronology was established using varve chronology and archaeological evidence. Mangerud et al. (1974) used the Blytt-Sernander terminology in their definition of chronozones for northwestern Europe. However, because of possible confusion between chronostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and climatostratigraphy attached to these terms, their use is now not generally recommended (especially outside northwestern Europe).

    Blytt-Sernander timescaleThe timescale with the equivalent radiocarbon dates.

    [See alsoholocene timescale]

    Brigitta Ammann University of BernRalph M. Fyfe University of Plymouth
    Birks HJB (2007) Holocene climate research: Progress, paradigms and ...

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