Wilson, James Q., and George L. Kelling: Broken Windows Theory

Jacinta M. Gau

In: Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Wilson, James Q., and George L. Kelling: Broken Windows Theory

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  • Broken windows theory has had a substantial impact on criminological theory and, in particular, on police policy. James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, the theory's creators, predicted that disorder is a ...

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    • Aschaffenburg, Gustav: German Criminology
    • Aichhorn, August: Wayward Youth
    • Alcohol and Violence
    • Andrews, D. A., and James Bonta: A Personal, Interpersonal, and Community-Reinforcement (PIC-R) Perspective on Criminal Conduct
    • Burgess, Robert L., and Ronald L. Akers: Differential Association-Reinforcement Theory
    • Akers, Ronald L.: Social Learning Theory
    • Agnew, Robert: General Strain Theory
    • Briar, Scott, and Irving Piliavin: Delinquency, Commitment, and Stake in Conformity
    • Athens, Lonnie: Interaction and Violence
    • Becker, Gary S.: Punishment, Human Capital, and Crime
    • Abolitionism
    • Adler, Freda: Sisters in Crime
    • Brantingham, Patricia L., and Paul J. Brantingham: Environmental Criminology
    • Blau, Judith R., and Peter M. Blau: Inequality and Crime
    • Catalano, Richard F., and J. David Hawkins: Social Development Model
    • Anomie and White-Collar Crime
    • Agnew, Robert: Integrated Theory
    • Bourgois, Philippe: In Search of Respect
    • Colvin, Mark: Social Sources of the New Mexico Prison Riot
    • Altruistic Fear
    • Beccaria, Cesare: Classical School
    • Bentham, Jeremy: Classical School
    • Chiricos, Ted: Racial Threat and Fear
    • DiIulio, John J., Jr.: Prison Management and Prison Order
    • Gangs and the Underclass
    • Bernard, Thomas J., and Jeffrey B. Snipes: Variable-Centered Approach
    • Benson, Michael L.: The Collateral Consequences of White-Collar Offending
    • Criminal Career Paradigm
    • Bursik, Robert J., Jr., and Harold C. Grasmick: Levels of Control
    • Clarke, Ronald V.: Situational Crime Prevention
    • Alarid, Leanne Fiftal, and Velmer S. Burton, Jr.: Gender and Serious Offending
    • Anarchist Criminology
    • Braithwaite, John: Reintegrative Shaming Theory
    • Becker, Howard S.: Labeling and Deviant Careers
    • Gottfredson, Michael R., and Travis Hirschi: Self-Control Theory
    • Cloward, Richard A.: The Theory of Illegitimate Means
    • Anderson, Elijah: Code of the Street
    • De Fleur, Melvin L., and Richard Quinney: A Reformulation of Sutherland's Differential Association Theory
    • Bandura, Albert: Social Learning Theory
    • Brain Abnormalities and Crime
    • Alexander, Franz, and William Healy: Roots of Crime
    • Ferri, Enrico: Positivist School
    • Garofalo, Raffaele: Positivist School
    • Dugdale, Richard L.: The Jukes
    • Ellis, Lee: Evolutionary Neuroandrogenic Theory
    • Cognitive Theories of Crime
    • Kobrin, Solomon: Neighborhoods and Crime
    • Bennett, William J., John J. DiIulio, Jr., and John P. Walters: Moral Poverty Theory
    • Cloward, Richard A., and Lloyd E. Ohlin: Delinquency and Opportunity
    • Hagan, John: Power-Control Theory
    • Chambliss, William J.: The Saints and the Roughnecks
    • Gendreau, Paul, D. A. Andrews, and James Bonta: The Theory of Effective Correctional Intervention
    • Bonger, Willem: Capitalism and Crime
    • Bartusch, Dawn Jeglum, and Ross L. Matsueda: Gender and Reflected Appraisals
    • Cohen, Lawrence E., and Marcus K. Felson: Routine Activity Theory
    • Inequality and Crime
    • Farrington, David P.: The Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential Theory
    • Capitalism and White-Collar Crime
    • Chamlin, Mitchell B., and John K. Cochran: Social Altruism and Crime
    • Horowitz, Ruth, and Gary Schwartz: Honor and Gang Delinquency
    • Giallombardo, Rose: Women in Prison
    • Collective Security/Fear and Loathing
    • Annotated Further Readings: The Classical School of Criminology
    • Ferraro, Kenneth F.: Risk Interpretation Model
    • Goffman, Erving: Asylums
    • Jankowski, Martin Sanchez: Islands in the Street
    • Colvin, Mark, Francis T. Cullen, and Thomas Vander Ven: Coercion, Social Support, and Crime
    • Clinard, Marshall B.: The Black Market
    • Giordano, Peggy C., and Stephen A. Cernkovich: Cognitive Transformation and Desistance
    • Krivo, Lauren J., and Ruth D. Peterson: Extreme Disadvantage and Crime
    • Cook, Philip J.: Supply and Demand of Criminal Opportunities
    • Bottcher, Jean: Social Practices of Gender
    • Chambliss, William J.: Power, Conflict, and Crime
    • General Deterrence Theory
    • Cohen, Albert K.: Deviance and Control
    • Hirschi, Travis: Social Control Theory
    • Cohen, Albert K.: Delinquent Boys
    • Matza, David, and Gresham M. Sykes: Subterranean Values and Delinquency
    • Kornhauser, Ruth Rosner: Social Sources of Delinquency
    • Dodge, Kenneth A.: Aggression and a Hostile Attribution Style
    • Environmental Toxins Theory
    • Eugenics and Crime: Early American Positivism
    • Goring, Charles: The English Convict
    • Kretschmer, Ernst: Physique and Character
    • Goddard, Henry H.: Feeblemindedness and Delinquency
    • Eysenck, Hans J.: Crime and Personality
    • Freudian Theory
    • Sampson, Robert J.: Collective Efficacy Theory
    • Miller, Walter B.: Lower-Class Culture Theory of Delinquency
    • Durkheim, Émile: Anomie and Suicide
    • Matza, David: Delinquency and Drift
    • Erikson, Kai T.: Wayward Puritans
    • Gibbs, Jack P.: Deterrence Theory
    • Colvin, Mark: Coercion Theory
    • Broidy, Lisa M., and Robert Agnew: A General Strain Theory of Gender and Crime
    • Cornish, Derek B., and Ronald V. Clarke: Rational Choice Theory
    • Negotiated Coexistence
    • Le Blanc, Marc: An Integrated Personal Control Theory of Deviant Behavior
    • Cressey, Donald R.: Embezzlement and White-Collar Crime
    • Cullen, Francis T.: Social Support and Crime
    • Klein, Malcolm W., and Cheryl L. Maxson: Street Gang Structure and Organization
    • Irwin, John, and Donald R. Cressey: Importation Theory
    • Fisher, Bonnie S., and Jack L. Nasar: Fear Spots
    • Lewis, Dan A., and Greta W. Salem: Incivilities and Fear
    • Kruttschnitt, Candace, and Rosemary Gartner: Women and Imprisonment
    • Maxson, Cheryl L.: Gang Migration Theorizing
    • Drennon-Gala, Don: Social Support and Delinquency
    • Croall, Hazel: Individual Differences and White-Collar Crime
    • Life-Course Interdependence
    • Racial Threat and Social Control
    • Crime Hot Spots
    • Campbell, Anne: Girls in the Gang
    • Colvin, Mark, and John Pauly: A Structural Marxist Theory of Delinquency
    • Incarceration and Recidivism
    • Grounded Theory
    • Nye, F. Ivan: Family Controls and Delinquency
    • Hagan, John, and Bill McCarthy: Mean Streets and Delinquency
    • Peers and Delinquency
    • Shaw, Clifford R.: The Jack-Roller
    • Glueck, Sheldon, and Eleanor Glueck: The Origins of Crime
    • Fishbein, Diana H.: Biosocial Theory
    • Hooton, Earnest A.: The American Criminal
    • Lombroso, Cesare: The Criminal Man
    • Phrenology
    • Insanity and Crime: Early American Positivism
    • Harris, Judith Rich: Why Parents Do Not Matter
    • Hare, Robert D.: Psychopathy and Crime
    • Shaw, Clifford R., and Henry D. McKay: Social Disorganization Theory
    • Sellin, Thorsten: Culture Conflict and Crime
    • Merton, Robert K.: Social Structure and Anomie
    • Reckless, Walter C.: Containment Theory
    • Heimer, Karen, and Ross L. Matsueda: A Theory of Differential Social Control
    • McCarthy, Bill, and John Hagan: Danger and Deterrence
    • Convict Criminology
    • Chesney-Lind, Meda: Feminist Model of Female Delinquency
    • Decker, Scott H., and Richard T. Wright: Decisions of Street Offenders
    • Sampson, Robert J., and William Julius Wilson: Contextualized Subculture
    • Loeber, Rolf, and Magda Stouthamer-Loeber: Pathways to Crime
    • Geis, Gilbert: Perspectives on White-Collar Crime Scandals
    • Elliott, Delbert S., Suzanne S. Ageton, and Rachelle J. Canter: Integrated Perspective on Delinquency
    • Short, James F., Jr.: Gangs and Group Processes
    • McCorkel, Jill: Gender and Embodied Surveillance
    • Perceptually Contemporaneous Offenses
    • Skogan, Wesley G., and Michael G. Maxfield: Coping With Crime
    • Prison Insurgency Theory
    • Vigil, James Diego: Multiple Marginality Theory
    • England, Ralph W.: A Theory of Middle-Class Delinquency
    • Green, Stuart P.: Moral Theory of White-Collar Crime
    • Maruna, Shadd: Redemption Scripts and Desistance
    • Skogan, Wesley G.: Disorder and Decline
    • Eck, John E.: Places and the Crime Triangle
    • Costello, Barbara J., and Helen J. Mederer: A Control Theory of Gender and Crime
    • Cultural Criminology
    • Nagin, Daniel S., and Raymond Paternoster: Individual Differences and Deterrence
    • Katz, Jack: Seductions of Crime
    • Reiss, Albert J., Jr.: Personal and Social Controls and Delinquency
    • Messner, Steven F., and Richard Rosenfeld: Institutional-Anomie Theory
    • Southern Subculture of Violence Theory
    • Spergel, Irving: Neighborhoods and Delinquent Subcultures
    • Kohlberg, Lawrence: Moral Development Theory
    • Herrnstein, Richard J., and Charles Murray: Crime and the Bell Curve
    • Parmelee, Maurice
    • Quetelet, Adolphe: Explaining Crime Through Statistical and Cartographic Techniques
    • Annotated Further Readings: The Positivist School of Criminology
    • Sheldon, William H.: Somatotypes and Delinquency
    • Mednick, Sarnoff A.: Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) Theory
    • Lahey, Benjamin B., and Irwin D. Waldman: Developmental Propensity Model
    • Steffensmeier, Darrell J., and Jeffery T. Ulmer: The Professional Fence
    • Wolfgang, Marvin E., and Franco Ferracuti: Subculture of Violence Theory
    • Parsons, Talcott: Aggression in the Western World
    • Sykes, Gresham M., and David Matza: Techniques of Neutralization
    • Lafree, Gary D., and Christopher Birkbeck: Situational Analysis of Crime
    • Perceptual Deterrence
    • Currie, Elliott: The Market Society and Crime
    • Daly, Kathleen: Women's Pathways to Felony Court
    • Economic Theory and Crime
    • Systemic Model of Social Disorganization
    • Moffitt, Terrie E.: A Developmental Model of Life-Course-Persistent Offending
    • Individual Differences and White-Collar Crime
    • Felson, Richard B., and James T. Tedeschi: Social Interactionist Theory of Violence
    • Annotated Further Readings: Contemporary Gang Theories
    • Sykes, Gresham M.: Deprivation Theory
    • Stanko, Elizabeth A.: Gender, Fear, and Risk
    • Annotated Further Readings: Theories of Fear and Concern About Crime
    • Toch, Hans: Coping in Prison
    • Hagan, John, and Bill McCarthy: Social Capital and Crime
    • Integrated Theories of White-Collar Crime
    • Philadelphia Birth Cohorts, The
    • Wilson, James Q., and George L. Kelling: Broken Windows Theory
    • Felson, Marcus K.: Crime and Everyday Life
    • Freud, Sigmund: The Deviant Woman
    • Gordon, David M.: Political Economy and Crime
    • Pogarsky, Greg, and Alex R. Piquero: The Resetting Effect
    • Lemert, Edwin M.: Primary and Secondary Deviance
    • Tittle, Charles R., David A. Ward, and Harold G. Grasmick: The Capacity and Desire for Self-Control
    • Stinchcombe, Arthur L.: Rebellion in a High School
    • Annotated Further Readings: Cultural and Learning Theories of Crime
    • Sutherland, Edwin H.: Differential Association Theory and Differential Social Organization
    • Media Violence Effects
    • Neurology and Crime
    • Annotated Further Readings: Early American Theories of Crime
    • Nutrition and Crime
    • Mental Illness and Crime
    • Sutherland, Edwin H.: The Professional Thief
    • Thio, Alex: Relative Deprivation and Deviance
    • Toby, Jackson: Stake in Conformity
    • Luckenbill, David F.: Stages in Violence
    • Rose, Dina R., and Todd R. Clear: Coerced Mobility Theory
    • Greenberg, David F.: Age, Capitalism, and Crime
    • Hagan, John, and Holly Foster: Stress and Gendered Pathways to Delinquency
    • Felson, Marcus K.: Crime and Nature
    • Wilson, William Julius: The Truly Disadvantaged
    • Sampson, Robert J., and John H. Laub: Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control
    • Michalowski, Raymond J., and Ronald C. Kramer: State-Corporate Crime
    • Krohn, Marvin D.: Networks and Crime
    • Annotated Further Readings: Theories of Prison Behavior and Insurgency
    • Lafree, Gary D.: Legitimacy and Crime
    • Pontell, Henry N., and Kitty Calavita: Explaining the Savings and Loan Scandal
    • Annotated Further Readings: Life-Course and Developmental Theories of Crime
    • Annotated Further Readings: Macro-Level/Community Theories of Crime
    • Hindelang, Michael J., Michael R. Gottfredson, and James Garofalo: Lifestyle Theory
    • Haynie, Dana L.: Contexts of Risk
    • Left Realism Criminology
    • Sherman, Lawrence W.: Defiance Theory
    • Matsueda, Ross L.: Reflected Appraisals and Delinquency
    • Wells, Edward L., and Joseph H. Rankin: Direct Controls and Delinquency
    • Annotated Further Readings: Anomie and Strain Theories of Crime and Deviance
    • Thrasher, Frederick M.: The Gang
    • Patterson, Gerald R.: Social Learning, the Family, and Crime
    • Prenatal Influences and Crime
    • Psychophysiology and Crime
    • Raine, Adrian: Crime as a Disorder
    • Turner, Ralph H.: Deviant Roles and the Social Construction of Behavior
    • Annotated Further Readings: Control Theories of Crime
    • Matza, David: Becoming Deviant
    • Stafford, Mark C., and Mark Warr: Deterrence Theory
    • Marx, Karl, and Frederick Engels: Capitalism and Crime
    • Heimer, Karen, and Stacy De Coster: The Gendering of Violent Delinquency
    • Jeffery, C. Ray: Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
    • Rational Choice and White-Collar Crime
    • Thornberry, Terence P.: Interactional Theory
    • Tittle, Charles R.: Control Balance Theory
    • Ross, E. A.: Sin and Society
    • Miethe, Terance D., and Robert F. Meier: An Integrated Theory of Victimization
    • Klein, Dorie: The Etiology of Female Crime
    • Peacemaking Criminology
    • Tyler, Tom R.: Sanctions and Procedural Justice Theory
    • Schur, Edwin M.: Radical Non-Intervention and Delinquency
    • Whyte, William Foote: Street Corner Society
    • Walters, Glenn D.: Lifestyle Theory
    • Schizophrenia and Crime
    • Vila, Brian J., Lawrence E. Cohen, and Richard S. Machalek: Evolutionary Expropriative Theory
    • Yochelson, Samuel, and Stanton E. Samenow: The Criminal Personality
    • Annotated Further Readings: The Chicago School of Criminology
    • Spector, Malcolm, and John I. Kitsuse: Constructing Social Problems
    • Williams, Kirk R., and Richard Hawkins: Deterrence Theory and Non-Legal Sanctions
    • Postmodern Theory
    • Koss, Mary P.: The Prevalence and Sources of Rape
    • Miller, Jody: Gendered Criminal Opportunity
    • Sutherland, Edwin H.: White-Collar Crime
    • Annotated Further Readings: Integrated Theories of Crime
    • Vaughan, Diane: The Normalization of Deviance
    • Newman, Oscar: Defensible Space Theory
    • Lombroso, Cesare: The Female Offender
    • Quinney, Richard: Social Transformation and Peacemaking Criminology
    • Annotated Further Readings: Theories of Criminal Sanction
    • Sudnow, David: Normal Crimes
    • Annotated Further Readings: Psychological Theories of Crime
    • Wilson, James Q., and Richard J. Herrnstein: Crime and Human Nature
    • XYY Aggression Theory
    • Tannenbaum, Frank: The Dramatization of Evil
    • Regoli, Robert M., and John D. Hewitt: Differential Oppression Theory
    • Maher, Lisa: Sexed Work
    • Osgood, D. Wayne, Janet K. Wilson, Jerald G. Bachman, Patrick M. O'Malley, and Lloyd D. Johnston: Routine Activities and Individual Deviant Behavior
    • Annotated Further Readings: Theories of White-Collar and Corporate Crime
    • Physical Environment and Crime
    • Messerschmidt, James W.: Masculinities and Crime
    • Spitzer, Steven: Capitalism and Crime
    • Annotated Further Readings: Labeling and Interactionist Theories of Crime
    • Annotated Further Readings: Biological and Biosocial Theories of Crime
    • Taylor, Ian, Paul Walton, and Jock Young: The New Criminology
    • Miller, Jody: Gendered Social Organization Theory
    • Pogarsky, Greg: Behavioral Economics and Crime
    • Sacco, Vincent F., and Leslie W. Kennedy: The Criminal Event Perspective
    • Miller, Jody: Girls, Gangs, and Gender
    • Turk, Austin T.: The Criminalization Process
    • Vold, George B.: Group Conflict Theory
    • Moore, Joan W.: Homeboys and Homegirls in the Barrio
    • Shover, Neal: Great Pretenders
    • Stark, Rodney: Deviant Places
    • Pollak, Otto: The Hidden Female Offender
    • Annotated Further Readings: Conflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of Crime
    • Rape Myths and Violence Against Women
    • Wikström, Per-Olof H.: Situational Action Theory
    • Wilcox, Pamela, Kenneth C. Land, and Scott A. Hunt: Multicontextual Opportunity Theory
    • Russell, Diana E. H.: The Politics of Rape
    • Schwartz, Martin D., and Victoria L. Pitts: A Feminist Routine Activity Theory
    • Wortley, Richard: A Revised Situational Crime Prevention Theory
    • Annotated Further Readings: Choice and Opportunity Theories of Crime
    • Simon, Rita J.: Women and Crime
    • Simpson, Sally S.: Gender, Class, and Crime
    • Smart, Carol: Women, Crime, and Criminology
    • Steffensmeier, Darrell J.: Organization Properties and Sex Segregation in the Underworld
    • Steffensmeier, Darrell J., and Emilie Andersen Allan: A Gendered Theory of Offending
    • Thomas, W. I.: The Unadjusted Girl
    • Widom, Cathy Spatz: The Cycle of Violence
    • Annotated Further Readings: Feminist and Gender-Specific Theories of Crime
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