• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The 20 chapters in Courts, Law, and Justice cover a wide range of sharply contested topics, including drug and gun control laws as well as the ins and outs of the criminal justice system as encountered by arrested suspects, during the trial process, and during the sentencing phase. This volume looks closely at Miranda rights and the impact of polygraphs and DNA testing; legal and procedural issues during prosecution, including exclusionary rules and double jeopardy; and sentencing and punishment for crimes, including for offenses such as DUI and sex offenses. The role of the victim during the prosecutorial process is also examined. Addressing such engaging topics as asset forfeiture, DNA evidence, double jeopardy, expert witnesses and “hired guns,” eyewitness testimony and accuracy, insanity defense, the ...

Plea Bargaining
Plea bargaining

In the United States, defendants plead guilty in 90 percent or more of criminal cases. In most such cases, defendants are treated leniently in exchange for pleading guilty—a practice known as plea bargaining, which may involve altering charges or reducing sentences. This process may be explicit or implicit. Charge bargaining is a form of plea bargaining, in which the prosecutor agrees either to reduce the charges—for example, by changing the charge from murder to manslaughter—or drop one or more of the charges against the defendant. Sentence bargaining occurs where the prosecutor offers to recommend that the judge impose a more lenient sentence. Explicit plea bargaining occurs when charges are altered or sentences reduced based on an explicit agreement between the prosecution and ...

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