In the first decade of the 21st century, the United States, with over 2.2 million persons incarcerated in prisons and jails, had an imprisonment rate of 756 per 100,000 persons. Other industrialized nations, such as New Zealand, incarcerate at a rate of 185 per 100,000, while England and Wales incarcerate at a rate of 153 per 100,000. As a 24/7 operation, prisons and jails are responsible for a number of services utilized by persons in custody, including food, shelter, and medical care. It is estimated that the United States spent over $70 billion on corrections in 2010. In 2001, the Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that U.S. state governments spent 12 percent of their ...
Healthcare and Medical Assistance for Prisoners
Healthcare and medical assistance for prisoners