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Faye S. Taxman & Danielle S. Rudes

In: Corrections

Chapter 17: Punishment versus Rehabilitation

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Punishment versus Rehabilitation
Punishment versus rehabilitation

The criminal justice system is responsible for managing society'wrongdoers, under the notion that when someone commits a criminal act, they should receive a sanction that will punish or treat their behavior in a way that prevents future incidents, thus keeping society safe. A key player in this process is the sentencing judge. Though constrained by the structural features of plea bargaining, legislatively driven mandatory mini-mums (i.e., minimum periods of incarceration), and sentencing guidelines, the sentencing judge is responsible for determining the goals of sentencing. Generally, these goals are deterrence, incapacitation, retribution, and rehabilitation. Deterrence is designed to notify others of the consequences of criminal conduct and/or to respond to the behavior of specific individuals. Incapacitation is restriction of the liberties ...

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