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Gender and Biology

  • By: Alan C. Mikkelson
  • In: Encyclopedia of Communication Theory
  • Edited by: Stephen W. Littlejohn & Karen A. Foss
  • Subject:General Media, Communication & Cultural Studies, Communication Theory

Although often conflated, sex and gender are separate and distinct concepts. Sex refers to physiological and biological differences between men and women (e.g., male or female). Gender refers to one's social and psychological sex role orientation (e.g., masculine, feminine, and androgynous). ...

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