Threshold Hypothesis

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Entry
  • Reader's Guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject Index

  • The threshold hypothesis was originally introduced by James Cummins in 1976 and Pertti Toukomaa and Tove Skutnabb-Kangas in 1977 as a theoretical model for explaining the effects of bilingualism on academic success in children, and it was later popularized by Cummins's further work in the United States. It has been shown that bilingualism has numerous positive cognitive effects for bilingual individuals, although these effects do not always translate into school success. The threshold hypothesis suggests that the effects of bilingualism are actually mediated by the degree of age-appropriate competence in each language, rather than the state of being bilingual. In practical terms, this suggests that children who are developmentally competent in both languages, often termed balanced bilinguals, would experience positive cognitive advantages of being ...

    Looks like you are not subscribed to have access to full content on this book.

    Please login or subscribe to get access.

    If your Institution does not have a subscription and you cannot access the full text of content on the site, find out how your Institution can subscribe.

    • Family, Communities, and Society
    • History
    • Instructional Designs
    • Languages and Linguistics
    • People and Organizations
    • Policy Evolution
    • Related Social Sciences
    • Teaching and Learning
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y
    • Z


      • Loading...
    Back to Top