Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974

Stefan M. Rosenzweig

In: Encyclopedia of Bilingual Education

Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974

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  • The Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974 (EEOA), like its close relative the Civil Rights Act of 1964, has its roots in the civil rights struggles of the 1950s and 1960s. For matters of language, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act is the most pertinent aspect of that law. It provides that “no person in the United States shall on the grounds of race, color or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” In the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision of Lau v. Nichols (1974), the Court held that Chinese students who were limited in their English proficiency had been denied their rights under Title ...

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