Facial-Feedback Hypothesis

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  • According to this hypothesis, facial movements associated with an emotion will induce the corresponding emotional state. Consistent with this hypothesis, several studies demon strate that smiling can induce positive feelings, in part perhaps because it also prompts you to recall positive experiences. The facial-feedback hypothesis is associated with the James-Lange theory of emotion, which postu lates that physiological states induce emotional states, in contrast to the Cannon-Bard theory, which postulates that sensory information triggers the experience of fear. Cognitive theories (e.g., the Schacter-Singer theory) argue that physiological feedback may not vary enough to create the many different emotions people experience and propose that cognitive interpretation, or attribution (e.g., the cognitive appraisal theory by Lazarus), is needed to account for this variation. For more information, see ...

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